Acne in adolescents….is one of the most common problems in adolescent teens affecting nearly seventeen million people in the United States. Acne is nothing but a disorder involving sebaceous glands and hair follicles.
Acne in adolescents….results from the clogging of sebaceous glands leading to the formation of pimples and cysts. The condition usually begins with the onset of puberty. Going by the facts, as teens attain puberty the androgens also called male sex hormones are produced in high number leading to sebaceous glands becoming over active which results in sebum being produced in high proportions.
Sebum, which is nothing but oil is produced by sebaceous glands which travel to the skin surface through hair follicles. But, skin cells block the follicles which results in oil also being blocked. When these hair follicles are blocked it results in the development of skin bacteria known as Propionibacterium Acnes within the follicles which in turn results in swelling of the skin called Acne.
If the hair follicles are partially blocked it results in blackheads. If the follicles are completely blocked they result in whiteheads. But if these plugged follicles are not treated they ultimately burst causing the oil, bacteria and skin cells to spill all over the skin resulting in irritation and formation of pimples. Acne in adolescents can be shallow as well as deep in various individuals depending on the nature of skin and amount of oil produced.
There can be various causes why Acne forms. Apart from rising hormone levels due to puberty it can also be attributed to certain other factors like intake of drugs which contain lithium, barbiturates and corticosteroids. Acne can also be caused due to excess grease and oil in the scalp, due to cooking oil and use of some cosmetics can actually alleviate the acne problem. Acne problem many times is inherited also. The acne in adolescents problem is worsened if the pimples are squeezed or scrubbed too hard.
Acne in adolescents….can form at any place of the body but they most commonly form in the areas where there sebaceous glands are present in high proportions like face, chest, shoulders, neck and upper back. Thesymptoms may differ from person to person but commonly seen symptomsare: formation of blackheads, whiteheads, lesions filled with pus and which are very painful and lastly nodules. One may get confused sometimes assymptoms of acne in adolescents may be like some other skin condition and it is always advised to consult a doctor in this scenario.
There are lots of treatments available today to treat acne in adolescents. The primary goal of the treatment is to reduce scars and better appearance. There are various treatments and the doctor decides which specific treatment you need based on: the extent of acne problem, age, medical history, overall health, tolerance to specific medications and procedures, expectations and last but not the least what patients prefer.
Treatment of acne in adolescents is classified into topical and systemic drug therapies which are given based on extent of severity. In some instances the combination of both the methods might be the way to go for acne treatment. Topical medication is nothing but creams, gels, lotions, solutions etc. prescribed to patients for acne treatment.
Acne in adolescents….some of the examples of topical medication are: Benzoyl Peroxide which kills the Propionibacterium Acnes bacteria, antibiotics helps in stopping or slowing down the growth of the bacteria and also reduces inflammation, Tretinoin helps in stopping the formation of new acne lesions and Adapalene reduces formation of comedo.
Systemic drug therapies involve prescription of systemic antibiotics primarily for the treatment of acne problem which is moderate to severe in nature. The examples of antibiotics prescribed are Doxycycline, erythromycin and tetracycline. In some cases an oral drug called Isotretinoin is prescribed for teenagers with severe acne problem which shrinks down the sebaceous glands that produce oil.
The results are pretty good and almost ninety percent of the adolescents have success with this oral drug. But the drug has some serious side-affects and thus it is very important that one consults a doctor before use.
How Can Nature’s Remedies Help Us?
By Tess Thompson
Both Ayurveda and Traditional Chinese Medicine, which lay emphasis on herbal remedies and natural treatments, originated in the East thousands of years ago. That is probably why there is more reliance on natural remedies in the East as compared to the West. The West’s introduction to an organized therapy of herbal medicine began only in the 18th century with launching of homeopathy by Samuel Hahnemann.
Admittedly, health services and conventional medicine in developed countries are more efficient and easily accessible than in undeveloped nations. At the same time unplanned advancement, fast lifestyles and reckless use of conventional drugs has made people living in developed nations more vulnerable to disease.
Ask any medical practitioner and you will be surprised to know that despite unprecedented level of advancement in diagnostic and treatment procedures, medical science can boast of discovering a total cure for a very few number of diseases. Even common cold remains incurable to this day. The standard approach for a cold is that if you do not treat it will take seven days and if you do, then it will take a week to cure. A naturopath, on the other hand, will tell you that cinnamon oil and honey will provide relief from common cold and lime and honey in water on regular basis will help prevent its recurrence in future. Nature’s remedies are more about the use of fruits, vegetables, herbs and roots that help in improving immunity rather than providing temporary relief from symptoms, which may resurface after some time.
Conventional therapy is likely to prescribe antacids for acidity and also warn you about taking them only when needed. A naturopath will advise that you keep away from hot and spicy foods, take meals on time, include fruits like apple, watermelon and banana in your diet and consume lots of water for as long as you can. This will permanently cure you of acidity rather than make you dependent on antacids.
And lest it give wrong impressions, natural remedies are not only about common cold and acidity. There are natural remedies for practically all ailments that you may come across. Paste of grounded dry orange peel is an effective treatment for acne. Two to three fresh garlic pods a day will effectively treat arthritis and rubbing mustard oil heated in garlic provides quick relief from backache and muscular and joint pain. Treating chronic constipation can be as easy as consuming psyllium husk seeds with a cup of hot milk or simple water.
Acne in adolescents….herbs have a minor caveat attached to them due to the toxicity that you may find in some undiluted forms but natural remedies are completely safe and without any side effects. Most of them do not carry any warnings. This is simple to understand because nature’s remedies are totally based on use of foods and substances of daily use and avoidance of harmful foods and activities.